Anyone can develop pneumonia but the risk is greater in babies and children aged four years and under, and the elderly. Other risk factors include:

  • recently having had a cold or the flu
  • having a chronic lung condition
  • having a weakened immune system
  • drinking excessive alcohol or smoking
  • being a patient in hospital.

In children, the risk of pneumonia is increased by:

  • premature birth
  • poor nutrition
  • low birth weight
  • reduced rates of breastfeeding
  • exposure to tobacco smoke
  • lack of insulation and heating
  • living in damp, mouldy and/or overcrowded conditions.

Source: Health Navigator New Zealand

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