Anyone can develop pneumonia but the risk is greater in babies and children aged four years and under, and the elderly. Other risk factors include:
- recently having had a cold or the flu
- having a chronic lung condition
- having a weakened immune system
- drinking excessive alcohol or smoking
- being a patient in hospital.
In children, the risk of pneumonia is increased by:
- premature birth
- poor nutrition
- low birth weight
- reduced rates of breastfeeding
- exposure to tobacco smoke
- lack of insulation and heating
- living in damp, mouldy and/or overcrowded conditions.
Source: Health Navigator New Zealand