Pneumonia can be prevented by breastfeeding past four months of age to boost the immune system, having a smoke-free environment, a healthy diet and healthy weight, good management of any chronic condition (such as asthma), good hygiene, and a warm well-insulated home.

To help prevent pneumonia, make sure children:

  • get a seasonal flu shot – it can help prevent pneumonia caused by the flu virus
  • get a pneumonia vaccination – this vaccine is especially recommended for anyone at high risk of pneumococcal pneumonia
  • wash their hands regularly or use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser
  • stay rested and fit
  • stay home when they're sick
  • avoid people who have a cold or the flu

Source: Te Hā Ora: New Zealand Respiratory Strategy and Health Navigator New Zealand