Early diagnosis and treatment of bronchiectasis are important to lessen the lung damage. Good care helps people with bronchiectasis stay as well as possible. Once diagnosed, bronchiectasis needs to be managed by the following:
- immunisations – to prevent further infection
- use antibiotics appropriately – to open the breathing tubes
- improved living conditions – to live in a healthy environment
- better nutrition – eat a highly nutritious and well-balanced diet
- sputum clearance once or twice a day to clear the lungs
- take medications as prescribed
- regular exercise – to strengthen and tone muscles, which will help in clearing the lungs
- keep smoke free
- avoid second-hand smoke and other toxic fumes
- have an annual flu vaccination
- have a pneumonia shot every five or six years if recommended by doctor
- physiotherapy – a physiotherapist will show how to clear lungs of extra mucus and provide exercises to be done at home.
All of these actions will help to reduce the onset and severity of bronchiectasis.
People with bronchiectasis should see their doctor if the amount of mucus increases or if there is a change in colour or consistency (very thick mucus).