Allergies

Allergic rhinitis is an inappropriate immune system response to an allergen – most commonly house dust mite, pet, pollen and mould. Read more here.

Croup

Croup is a viral illness, which in young children, causes narrowing of the upper airways. Inflammation and swelling of the lining of the voice box and windpipe cause them to become narrowed, which causes breathing to become more difficult. Read more here

Cystic fibrosis

CF is an inherited disorder which affects a number of organs in the body (especially the lungs and pancreas) by clogging them with thick, sticky mucus, which can cause shortness of breath, a chronic cough and repeated chest infections. Read more here

Pertussis (whooping cough)

Whooping cough is a contagious bacterial disease which can be very serious for babies and children. It is characterised by a 'whoop' sound with each sharp intake of breath after coughing. Read more here

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that most commonly affects the lungs, but can also affect the lymph nodes, bones, joints and kidneys. Read more here

Vasomotor rhinitis (VMR)

Vasomotor rhinitis is also known as irritant rhinitis, and is non-allergic and non-infectious. It is characterised by episodes of sneezing, watery nasal drainage, and blood vessel congestion of the nasal mucus membranes. Read more here

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