Published: 6 January 2023
Authors: Marc Humbert, Vallerie McLaughlin, J. Simon R. Gibbs, Mardi Gomberg-Maitland, Marius M. Hoeper, Ioana R. Preston, Rogerio Souza, Aaron B. Waxman, Hossein-Ardeschir Ghofrani, Pilar Escribano Subias, Jeremy Feldman, Gisela Meyer, David Montani, Karen M. Olsson, Solaiappan Manimaran, Janethe de Oliveira Pena, David B. Badesch
Source: This abstract has been sourced from NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 207
Background In participants with pulmonary arterial hypertension, 24 weeks of sotatercept resulted in a significantly greater reduction from baseline in pulmonary vascular resistance than placebo. This report characterises the longer-term safety and efficacy of sotatercept in the PULSAR open-label extension. We report cumulative safety, and efficacy at months 18–24, for all participants treated with sotatercept.
Methods PULSAR was a phase 2, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study followed by an open-label extension, which evaluated sotatercept on top of background pulmonary arterial hypertension therapy in adults. Participants originally randomised to placebo were re-randomised 1:1 to sotatercept 0.3 or 0.7 mg·kg−1 (placebo-crossed group); those initially randomised to sotatercept continued the same sotatercept dose (continued-sotatercept group). Safety was evaluated in all participants who received ≥1 dose of sotatercept. The primary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline to months 18–24 in pulmonary vascular resistance. Secondary endpoints included 6-min walk distance and functional class. Two prespecified analyses, placebo-crossed and delayed-start, evaluated efficacy irrespective of dose.
Results Of 106 participants enrolled in the PULSAR study, 97 continued into the extension period. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 32 (30.8%) participants; 10 (9.6%) reported treatment-emergent adverse events leading to study discontinuation. Three (2.9%) participants died, none considered related to study drug. The placebo-crossed group demonstrated significant improvement across primary and secondary endpoints and clinical efficacy was maintained in the continued-sotatercept group.
Conclusion These results support the longer-term safety and durability of clinical benefit of sotatercept for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Link to abstract
NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 207