Published: 12 February 2020
Authors: Kawsari Abdullah, Jingqin Zhu, Andrea Gershon, Sharon Dell, Teresa To
Source: This abstract has been sourced from NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 176
The association between asthma exacerbation during pregnancy and adverse maternal and child health outcomes have not been investigated appropriately. Our objective was to determine the short- and long-term intergenerational effect of asthma exacerbation in pregnant women with asthma.
A population cohort study was conducted using data from the Ontario asthma surveillance system and population-level health administrative data. Asthma exacerbation in pregnant women with asthma was defined as at least one of the following criteria: at least five physician visits, or one emergency department visit or one hospital admission for asthma during pregnancy. Pregnancy complications, adverse perinatal outcomes and early childhood respiratory disorders were identified using International Classification of Disease codes (9th and 10th revisions).
The cohort consisted of 103 424 singleton pregnancies in women with asthma. Asthma exacerbation in pregnant women with asthma was associated with higher odds of pre-eclampsia (OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.12–1.51) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.02–1.33); babies had higher odds of low birthweight (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.00–1.31), preterm birth (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.01–1.29) and congenital malformations (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.05–1.39). Children born to women with asthma exacerbation during pregnancy had elevated risk of asthma (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.13–1.33) and pneumonia (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03–1.22) during the first 5 years of life.
Asthma exacerbation during pregnancy in women with asthma showed increased risk of pregnancy complications, adverse perinatal outcomes and early childhood respiratory disorders in their children, indicating that appropriate asthma management may reduce the risk of adverse health outcomes.