Published: 4 March 2021
Authors: Hannah R. Whittaker , Chloe Bloom, Ann Morgan , Deborah Jarvis, Steven J. Kiddle and Jennifer K. Quint
Source: This abstract has been sourced from NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 186
Accelerated lung function decline has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a general population, but little is known about this association in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We investigated the association between accelerated lung function decline and CVD outcomes and mortality in a primary care COPD population.
COPD patients without a history of CVD were identified in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD)-GOLD primary care dataset (n=36 382). Accelerated decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) was defined using the fastest quartile of the COPD population's decline. A Cox regression was used to assess the association between baseline accelerated FEV1 decline and a composite CVD outcome over follow-up (myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease and CVD mortality). The model was adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, body mass index, history of asthma, hypertension, diabetes, statin use, Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnoea score, exacerbation frequency and baseline FEV1 % predicted.
6110 COPD patients (16.8%) had a CVD event during follow-up; median length of follow-up was 3.6 years (interquartile range (IQR) 1.7–6.1 years). Median rate of FEV1 decline was –19.4 mL·year−1 (IQR –40.5–1.9); 9095 patients (25%) had accelerated FEV1 decline (> –40.5 mL·year−1), 27 287 (75%) did not (≤ –40.5 mL·year−1). Risk of CVD and mortality was similar between patients with and without accelerated FEV1 decline (HRadj 0.98, 95% CI 0.90–1.06). Corresponding risk estimates were 0.99 (95% CI 0.83–1.20) for heart failure, 0.89 (95% CI 0.70–1.12) for myocardial infarction, 1.01 (95% CI 0.82–1.23) for stroke, 0.97 (95% CI 0.81–1.15) for atrial fibrillation, 1.02 (95% CI 0.87–1.19) for coronary artery disease and 0.94 (95% CI 0.71–1.25) for CVD mortality. Rather, risk of CVD was associated with a mMRC score ≤2 and two or more exacerbations in the year prior.
CVD outcomes and mortality were associated with exacerbation frequency and severity and increased mMRC dyspnoea score but not with accelerated FEV1 decline.
Link to full pdf