Published: 18 January 2022

Authors: Willis S Bowman, MD Chad A Newton, MD Angela L Linderholm, PhD Megan L Neely, PhD Janelle Vu Pugashetti, MD Bhavika Kaul, MD et al.

Source: This abstract has been sourced from NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 201



    Progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease (ILD) is characterised by parenchymal
    scar formation, leading to high morbidity and mortality. The ability to predict this
    phenotype remains elusive. We conducted a proteomic analysis to identify novel plasma
    biomarkers of progressive fibrosing ILD and developed a proteomic signature to predict
    this phenotype.


    Relative plasma concentrations for 368 biomarkers were determined with use of a semi-quantitative,
    targeted proteomic platform in patients with connective tissue disease-associated
    ILD, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, or unclassifiable ILD who provided research
    blood draws at the University of California (discovery cohort) and the University
    of Texas (validation cohort). Univariable logistic regression was used to identify
    individual biomarkers associated with 1-year ILD progression, defined as death, lung
    transplant, or 10% or greater relative forced vital capacity (FVC) decline. A proteomic
    signature of progressive fibrosing ILD was then derived with use of machine learning
    in the University of California cohort and validated in the University of Texas cohort.


    The discovery cohort comprised 385 patients (mean age 63·6 years, 59% female) and
    the validation cohort comprised 204 patients (mean age 60·7 years, 61% female). 31
    biomarkers were associated with progressive fibrosing ILD in the discovery cohort,
    with 17 maintaining an association in the validation cohort. Validated biomarkers
    showed a consistent association with progressive fibrosing ILD irrespective of ILD
    clinical diagnosis. A proteomic signature comprising 12 biomarkers was derived by
    machine learning and validated in the University of Texas cohort, in which it had
    a sensitivity of 0·90 and corresponding negative predictive value of 0·91, suggesting
    that approximately 10% of patients with a low-risk proteomic signature would experience
    ILD progression in the year after blood draw. Those with a low-risk proteomic signature
    experienced an FVC change of +85·7 mL (95% CI 6·9 to 164·4) and those with a high-risk
    signature experienced an FVC change of −227·1 mL (−286·7 to −167·5). A theoretical
    clinical trial restricted to patients with a high-risk proteomic signature would require
    80% fewer patients than one designed without regard to proteomic signature.


    17 plasma biomarkers of progressive fibrosing ILD were identified and showed consistent
    associations across ILD subtypes. A proteomic signature of progressive fibrosing ILD
    could enrich clinical trial cohorts and avoid the need for antecedent progression
    when defining progressive fibrosing ILD for clinical trial enrolment.

    Link to abstract

    Have you read

    View all