Published: 8 July 2022

Authors: Simon Couillard, Rahul Shrimanker, Samuel Lemaire-Paquette, Gareth M Hynes, Catherine Borg, Clare Connolly, Samantha Jane Thulborn, Angela Moran, Sarah Poole, Sophie Morgan, Timothy Powell, Ian Pavord, Timothy Hinks

Source: This abstract has been sourced from NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 200


    To explore whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) non-suppression identifies corticosteroid resistance, we analysed inflammatory mediator changes during a FeNO suppression test with monitored high-intensity corticosteroid therapy. In linear mixed-effects models analysed over time, the 15 clinically distinct ‘suppressors’ (ie, 42% FeNO suppression) normalised Asthma Control Questionnaire scores (mean±SD, start to end of test: 2.8±1.4 to 1.4±0.9, p<0.0001) and sputum eosinophil counts (median (IQR), start to end of test: 29% (6%–41%) to 1% (1%–5%), p=0.0003) while significantly decreasing sputum prostaglandin D2 (254 (89–894) to 93 (49–209) pg/mL, p=0.004) and numerically decreasing other type-2 cytokine, chemokine and alarmin levels. In comparison, the 19 non-suppressors had persistent sputum eosinophilia (10% (1%–67%) despite high-intensity therapy) with raised end-test inflammatory mediator levels (1.9 (0.9–2.8)-fold greater than suppressors). FeNO non-suppression during monitored treatment implies biological corticosteroid resistance.

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