Published: 15 December 2020
Authors: Stefano Guerra, Enrico Lombardi, Debra A. Stern, Duane L. Sherrill, Dorothy Gilbertson-Dahdal, Courtney M. Wheatley-Guy, Eric M. Snyder, Anne L. Wright, Fernando D. Martinez, and Wayne J. Morgan
Source: This abstract has been sourced from NZ Respiratory Research Review Issue 182
Rationale: Deficits in infant lung function—including the ratio of the time to reach peak tidal expiratory flow to the total expiratory time (tptef/te) and maximal expiratory flow at FRC (V̇maxFRC)—have been linked to increased risk for childhood asthma.
Objectives: To examine the individual and combined effects of tptef/te and V̇maxFRC in infancy on risk for asthma and abnormalities of airway structure into mid-adult life.
Methods: One hundred eighty participants in the Tucson Children’s Respiratory Study birth cohort had lung function measured by the chest-compression technique in infancy (mean age ± SD: 2.0 ± 1.2 mo). Active asthma was assessed in up to 12 questionnaires between ages 6 and 36 years. Spirometry and chest high-resolution computed tomographic (HRCT) imaging were completed in a subset of participants at age 26. The relations of infant tptef/te and V̇maxFRC to active asthma and airway structural abnormalities into adult life were tested in multivariable mixed models.
Measurements and Main Results: After adjustment for covariates, a 1-SD decrease in infant tptef/te and V̇maxFRC was associated with a 70% (P = 0.001) and 55% (P = 0.005) increased risk of active asthma, respectively. These effects were partly independent, and two out of three infants who were in the lowest tertile for both tptef/te and V̇maxFRC developed active asthma by mid-adult life. Infant V̇maxFRC predicted reduced airflow and infant tptef/te reduced HRCT airway caliber at age 26.
Conclusions: These findings underscore the long-lasting effects of the fetal origins of asthma, support independent contributions by infant tptef/te and V̇maxFRC to development of asthma, and link deficits at birth in tptef/te with HRCT-assessed structural airway abnormalities in adult life.